Further Reading

Seeing with multiple mediums

Steinert, Beatrice and Kate MacCord. “Visualizing the Cell: Pictorial Styles and their Epistemic Goals in General Cytology” In Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry's General Cytology, edited by Karl Matlin, Jane Maienschein, and Manfred Laubichler. University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Staging Development

Doty, Maria, "Hamburger-Hamilton Staging Series (1951)". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2011-06-10). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/2280.

Looking at Cells

Wilson and Conklin: Tracing Cell Lineages

Steinert, Beatrice., “Drawing Embryos, Seeing Development.” The Node: the Community Site for and by Developmental Biologists (2016-01-25). http://thenode.biologists.com/drawing-embryos-seeing-development/discussion/.

Maienschein, J. (1991). Transforming Traditions in American Biology, 1880-1915. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Holtfreter: Observing Cells

Navis, Adam R., "Johannes Holtfreter (1901-1992)". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2008-02-29). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/1763.

Trinkaus: Filming Cells

DuPont, Ellen M., "John Philip Trinkaus (1918-2003)". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2010-05-31). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/1954.


MacCord, Kate, "Germ Layers". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2013-09-17). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/6273.

Experimenting on Embryos

Holtfreter, Johannes. (1933). “Die totale Exogastrulation, eine Selbstabl.sung des Ektoderms vom Endomesoderm. Entwicklung und functionelles Verhalter nervenloser Organe. Roux Arch. Entw Mech. Org.  129: 669-793.

Philbrick, Samuel, O'Neil, Erica, "Spemann-Mangold Organizer". Embryo Project Encyclopedia (2012-01-12). ISSN: 1940-5030 http://embryo.asu.edu/handle/10776/2330.